Mecca Certificate

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Mecca Certificate

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Mecca Certificate

Click on an image of a plate to see an enlargement of its details.

THE MECCA CERTIFICATE, which is given to pilgrims to the sacred city, is looked upon by Moslems as practically a passport to heaven. It is especially interesting because of the inside view which it gives of the Mohammedan religion. At the top of each page are quotations from the Koran. 1

 

Plate I
(130 kB)
Source: S.W. Zwemer, Arabia: The Cradle of Islam, 3rd Edition, Fleming Revell Co., 1900, facing p. 40.

PLATE I. has, at the right-hand upper corner, the representation of the Mosque of Muzdalifa and tents of the Pilgrims; to the left of this, the Mosque of Nimr, near Mount Arafat, and below it, the Mahmals of Syria and Egypt, i.e., palaquins carried on camels, surmounted by flags. To the right is Mount Arafat, a sacred mountain about 12 miles northeast of Mecca, which, in Moslem tradition, is said to be the place where Adam and Eve met after the fall. The three pillars of Mina represented below, are ancient pagan shrines, at each of which every pilgrim must hurl seven stones at the devil. Near this is pictured the Mesjed, or Mosque of Taif, the altar of Ishmael, the Dome of Abd-el Kader in Bagdad, and at the extreme right the Dome of “Our Lord” Hassein al Kerbela, where thousands of corpses of deceased Persians are brought yearly to be buried. It is southwest of Bagdad, and lies in Turkish territory. There are also pictured the birthplaces of Mohammed, Ali Ibu Abi Talb, Abu Bekr, and Fatimeh, and the Tomb of Amina and Khadijah; also two bell-shaped hills, Jebel Thaur and Jebel Nur.

Plate II
(135 kB)
Source: S.W. Zwemer, Arabia: The Cradle of Islam, 3rd Edition, Fleming Revell Co., 1900, facing p. 40.

PLATE II. pictures the quadrangular court of the Mecca Haram, within which is the circular colonnade, enclosing the Kaaba or Beit Allah, the House of God. Below the representation of the Kaaba is depicted the famous station of Abraham, a stone 20 inches long by 15 inches wide. It is in the shape of a basin, and is buried in the earth. The name of Abraham is connected with it from the tradition that he first built the Kaaba. Below this may be noticed the famous “Beer Zemzem” or Well of Zemzem, which is claimed to be the water which Hagar saw, when Ishmael was dying of thrist. Around the circle are the praying places of the Malikis, the Hanafys, the Hanbalys and the Shafi-is, the four great sects of Islam. Around the quadrangle are 20 gates, such as Bab-su-Nebi, Gate of the Prophet, Gate of Abraham, of Peace, of Abbas, of the Mare, the Mule, Safa, of Farewell, of Wisdom, etc., etc., — besides various shrines.

Plate III
(135 kB)
S.W. Zwemer, Arabia: The Cradle of Islam, 3rd Edition, Fleming Revell Co., 1900, facing p. 40.

PLATE III. shows representations of the Holy Places of El Medina, the tomb of Mohammed. The large dome in the upper left-hand corner is the tomb of Mohammed. The large dome in the upper left-hand corner is the tomb of Mohammed. Around the page are drawn the mosque of Fatimeh, the mosque of the Strength of Islam, the mosques of Hamzeh, Abu Bekr, Ali and Silman, the tomb of Othman, and various other shrines.

Plate IV
(135 kB)
S.W. Zwemer, Arabia: The Cradle of Islam, 3rd Edition, Fleming Revell Co., 1900, facing p. 40.

PLATE IV. contains the Holy Shrines of Jerusalem. The Haram-es-Sherif, or the quadrangular area once occupied by the temple of Solomon, occupies the centre of the page. The Mosque commonly known as the Mosque of Omar, is here styled “Beit el Mukdas” or the Holy House. Under the dome in the black circle is the “Rock of God,” or the “Suspended Stone,” which the Prophet kicked back when it tried to follow him to heaven. The two footprints of the prophet are pictured below the rock. Below this are the Scales of “Mizan,” in which all men’s deeds are to be weighed at the last day, together with the shears which cut off the life of men. At the bottom is the great Bridge of Sirat, of vast length, the width of a hair, and sharp as a razor, over which every mortal must walk barefooted. At the right of it is the pit of Jehennam or hell, and to the left Jenneh or Paradise. A hazardous feat it is to make the journey, since on it depends one’s eternal destiny. Around this area are pictured the tombs of David, Solomon, Moses and Jacob, and in the right-hand upper corner is seen Jebel, Toor Sina, or Mount Sinai.


1 S.W. Zwemer, Arabia: The Cradle of Islam, 3rd Edition, Fleming Revell Co., 1900, facing p. 40.

Last edited 12/20/2003

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